Call for Short Papers for Sub-Theme 51: Organization-in-Creation: The Processes and Practices of Entrepreneuring
Claire Champenois, Audencia Business School, France
Neil Thompson, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam School of Business and Economics, The Netherlands
Daniel Hjorth, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Call for Papers
The purpose of this sub-theme is to further the dialogue between organization theory and entrepreneurship studies following recent calls from scholars in both fields (Burton et al., 2019; Hjorth, 2012). To do so, we wish to explore and enrich the conception of entrepreneuring as organization creation (Hjorth, 2014) or organization-in-creation (Gartner, 2016; Katz et al., 1988). Entrepreneuring "affirms the new – rather than what is – and therefore makes necessary new organization in order for the new to work (add superior value)" (Hjorth, 2012). This conception of entrepreneurship connects both scholarly communities through the shared assumptions of relational and processual constitution of organizing (Hjorth et al., 2015). However, while organization creation and organizational emergence have long been recognized as the core of the entrepreneurship phenomenon, scholars have not yet absorbed, both theoretically and empirically, the full potential and uniqueness of this perspective.
To further develop this connection, this symposium aims to further scholars' use of the notion of entrepreneuring (Steyaert, 2007). Entrepreneuring pertains to the "creative and social/collective organizing process that materializes in a venture" (Johannisson, 2011, p. 137), amidst an unfinalized, open-ended trajectory (Dimov et al., 2019). By focusing on entrepreneuring as a process, scholars wish to address how situated creative practices shape new forms of organizing and organizations, as it is in the interactive doings and sayings that we can better observe and theorize them. Recent research in this area has expanded our understanding of entrepreneuring as a creative endeavour by focusing not so much on what is inside entrepreneurs' minds or how the environment can enable or constrain individual behaviour, but on how this organization-creation process develops in situ through interactions among practitioners and their social and institutional contexts (Chalmers et al., 2017; Dodd, 2014; Garcia-Lorenzo et al., 2018).
One promising way of refining the connection between organization theory and entrepreneurship studies is through the practice theory tradition (Claire et al., 2020; Sklaveniti et al., 2019; Thompson et al., 2019). In this perspective, practices are seen as the relevant unit of analysis for the exploration of entrepreneuring (Higgins et al., 2018; Keating et al., 2013). Although there is no one definition of practice possible, practices are fundamentally collaborative and relational activities, and not solely reducible to the agents who carry them out (Barinaga, 2017; Campbell, 2019). As they are defined by Schatzki (2002, 2012), practices are organized by the enactment of sequential bodily activities, mediated by 'things' and their use, and drawing upon practical knowledge. Practices bring together actors, activities and contexts, thus interrelating social structures and human agency (Gartner, 1989; Sarason et al., 2010). This research aims to observe, theorize and unfold the practices―as ways of doing and saying things―carried out by practitioners (not just 'the' entrepreneur') during the process of organization-creation (Thompson et al., 2020).
This sub-theme relates with the general Colloquium theme ("Organizing for an Inclusive Society") in that entrepreneuring pertains to a process of inclusion/exclusion (of employees, shareholders, stakeholders) around a collective and organized purpose or vision or, at least, a collective trajectory. Connecting entrepreneuring and organization studies points to the fact that inclusive/exclusive organizations are phenomena that are created and accomplished through ongoing practices and their connections, thus going beyond any individual entrepreneur.
We welcome contributions that study the entrepreneurial phenomenon (entrepreneuring) as organization-in-creation, conceived either as organizing processes or practices, and as their outcomes (inclusive/exclusive organizational forms), through new conceptual, methodological and empirical means.
Possible topics for submission include: